Investing in the Ecosystem

Hiring good people isn’t just about creating positions within your organization. It’s about developing cooperative ecosystems that build better candidates while they’re still in graduate school. Working locally, you can build relationships that allow talented young people to attend regional universities and work with you. They come to the organization pre-invested in the mission of improving lives in their communities through history because they are from and of those communities. They give struggling regional history departments new energy and a corps of young alumni who are employed, productive, and ready to give back to their department in innumerable ways. Through their success, they prove to their departments that public history isn’t a backup plan but a specialized career that demands skills over and above those taught by conventional academics.

Read the full article here

Amanda L. Higgins and Patrick A. Lewis, “Investing in the Ecosystem” AASLH History News 73, no. 1 (Winter 2018): 7-10.

NCDC Environmental Survey

As part of a planning grant from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation and the National Historical Publications and Records Commission, the Nineteenth Century Digital Cooperative (NCDC) is exploring a sustainable system for the digital publication and discovery of historical records. This environmental survey of existing projects, methods, and data models is the first deliverable from NCDC for this 2018 planning year. While it was composed with an eye to the specific ends of this cooperative, NCDC hopes that it will be of use to digital humanists seeking to aggregate and link large historical datasets.

You may access a PDF version of the NCDC Environmental Survey here.

Co-Authors: Susan Perdue, Sara Carlstead Brumfield, Ben Brumfield

Nineteenth Century Digital Cooperative

The Nineteenth Century Digital Cooperative (NCDC) is a Digital Edition Publishing Cooperative funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation and the National Historical Publications and Records Commission. Under Principal Investigator Patrick Lewis, the NCDC is hosted by the Kentucky Historical Society, and consists of three initial partner projects:

The Civil War Governors of Kentucky Digital Documentary Edition

The Frederick Douglass Papers

The Papers of Abraham Lincoln

The mission of the NCDC is to create an aggregated body of named historical figures, with associated metadata and biographies—some well-known but most not—referenced in the corpuses of the member editions. Bringing together born-digital and print editions as well as making room for other digital or digitized biographical data sets which are not based in edited texts, the NCDC would enhance the power and reach of digital editions working on nineteenth century U.S. topics—both increasing the efficiency of editorial production and facilitating user access to the editions.

Read more about the NCDC here.

Nursing Clio: “To ‘Serve this Long Term at Home'”

A contribution to Nursing Clio on troubled Civil War veteran and CWGK find Robert Buffum. How did the specific trauma of his wartime experience, namely being a prisoner of war, clash tragically with the institutional solutions his society had to postwar mental health problems?

For all the differences between Buffum’s United States and our own, between Buffum’s war and those our military fight now, his story nonetheless points out that the challenges our veterans face are the product not only of a foreign policy that places them in traumatic theaters of war, but also of domestic policy, which too often fails to follow through on the promise of support and opportunity made at the local recruiting station. For all that has changed since Robert Buffum killed himself, so much else remains tragically the same.

Read the full post on Nursing Clio.

Use Buffum’s story in your classroom or community forum through CWGK documents and discussion materials.

For Slavery & Union Reviews

Benjamin Forsythe Buckner was a conservative proslavery Unionist who was for the Union because he thought slavery would be safest in the Union, and who never accepted emancipation as a Union war aim. This insightful book positions Patrick Lewis among the cutting-edge scholars who have punctured the mythology about Kentucky’s benign slave system, harmonious social order, and enlightened political leadership.
— Daniel W. Crofts, author of Reluctant Confederates: Upper South Unionists in the Secession Crisis.

Patrick Lewis paints a splendid picture of pro-slavery Unionism in the form of Major Benjamin Buckner. His portrayal of the Kentucky planter gives texture, depth and nuance to an ideological position that has confounded historians for many years. This may be the first biography we have seen to capture the cultural and political center of Civil War-era Kentucky, including the state’s embrace of a conservative Union in 1861 and its rejection of a transformed Union in 1865.
— Aaron Astor, Maryville College, author of Rebels on the Border: Civil War, Emancipation and the Reconstruction of Kentucky and Missouri

Patrick Lewis’s splendid For Slavery and Union is a most welcome contribution to Civil War, Kentucky, and border state historical scholarship. Deeply researched and gracefully crafted, Lewis’s book provides the best insights available into the conflicted ideological and social worlds of Benjamin Forsythe Buckner and like-minded proslavery unionists during the Civil War era. Better than any previous scholar, Lewis untangles the conundrum conservative and upwardly mobile white southerners confronted as the nation dissolved. They believed not only that unionism and slavery went hand and hand, but envisioned that secession signaled the death knell not only of the ‘peculiar institution’ but also of white southerners’ much-boasted ‘way of life,’ a Weltanschauung predicated on white supremacy. Lewis’s mature, richly interpretive study places Buckner’s postwar life in the whirligig world of Jim Crow/New South Kentucky, a world he quietly embraced.
— John David Smith, author of Lincoln and the U.S. Colored Troops

On a fellow historian’s tip, as part of a recent book project, I researched the letters of Benjamin Forsythe Buckner written to his fiancée. This revealing collection of Civil War documents offers the perspective of a Kentucky Union officer who resigned his military commission in 1863 specifically to protest the Emancipation Proclamation, long before his home state saw its slaves freed by wartime realities. Patrick A. Lewis has turned this small set of letters into a larger, more troubling story—the postwar transformation of the former loyal Bluegrass State into an unreconstructed southern state, accomplished by the defiant politics of racial hatred, war allegiance, and fictive memory.
— Christopher Phillips, University of Cincinnati, author of The Civil War in the Border South

Well-researched, well-argued, and well-written, For Slavery and Union is an exemplary study. Benjamin Buckner of Kentucky personifies the dilemma of the Upper South proslavery unionist, during and after the Civil War. Author Patrick Lewis ably portrays the trials, contradictions, and struggles of those who favored the union, but who also saw it as the best way to protect slavery. Once the conflict became one to end slavery, Buckner zealously joined blue and gray allies in protecting whiteness. By placing Buckner fully in the context of his times, Dr. Lewis reveals that the old unionist did not change, but rather the circumstances in the world around him did. To Benjamin Buckner, the best way to protect slavery was to keep the union together. He thus joined the Union cause as the Civil War began. But his opposition to emancipation brought about his resignation. Soon he joined his former enemies in trying to shape a postwar world that would replicate the prewar racial one. All this in well-told in a wonderful case study by Patrick Lewis. His well- researched and well-written work personifies the dilemmas faced by Upper South proslavery unionists, in war and in the fights that followed the peace
— James C. Klotter, State Historian of Kentucky and professor of history at Georgetown College

Patrick Lewis has written and engaging and insightful portrait of a man who embodied the struggle many loyal whites in the Upper South endured during the Civil War era. His nuanced examination of Benjamin Buckner’s outlook and choices elucidate the phenomenon of pro-slavery Unionism shared by many white Southerners. This is a biography that will deepen our understanding of an important but understudied wartime faction.
— Anne Marshall, Mississippi State University

Deeply researched and narrated with elegance and verve, For Slavery and Union is the story of a fascinating Kentuckian whose life mirrored the larger ordeal of the state in the era of the Civil War and Reconstruction. In Lewis’ skillful hands, Benjamin F. Buckner’s life becomes an account of loyalties divided but never fully reconciled, and of a proslavery Unionism that foundered in the face of emancipation. The result is essential reading for anyone wanting to understand why Kentucky sided with the Union in the Civil War—and then turned south to align with the former Confederates states in the decades beyond. A sobering but thoroughly enjoyable read. — Amy Murrell Taylor, University of Kentucky

White Unionists in Kentucky, argues Patrick Lewis, fought with the Union for the benefit of slavery, not despite slavery. That one insight is the basis of a gracefully written, beautifully argued reinterpretation of Kentucky’s experience in the Civil War era that also speaks to American political culture more generally. Even as the Civil War divided the nation, support for slavery and racial inequality flourished in both the Union and the Confederacy, suggesting how difficult it would be to find a resolution to the conflicts that led the nation to war.
— Laura Edwards, author of A Legal History of the Civil War and Reconstruction: A Nation of Rights

This is the first major work to personify how Kentucky cultivated a Confederate identity after the Civil War.
Kentucky Alumni

With this first book Lewis, an assistant editor of publications at the Kentucky Historical Society, emerges as a preeminent student of the Civil War and subsequent decades of “adjustment” in the Bluegrass State. [. . .] Thoroughly researched, persuasively argued, and elegantly written, For Slavery and Union merits careful reading and rereading.
Civil War Book Review

[M]ost readers will find For Slavery and Union both enjoyable and informative.
Journal of American History

An admirable job […] of explaining the complexities of Kentucky’s competing political factions as they existed before, during, and after the war.

Civil War scholars and those who focus on border state issues will find the volume informative.

Civil War enthusiasts and generalists with a penchant for American history will enjoy this
Overall, the book is well written, engaging, and adequately documented.
— Tommy Brown — Civil War Monitor

[W]ell-written [. . .] improve[s] our understanding of Kentucky before, during, and after the Civil War.

[M]ay serve as [a] solid introduction to the history of the Bluegrass State. [It] also add[s] depth and complexity to the story of the border states, the debate over slavery, and the sectional conflict that ensued.
West Virginia History

This well-written account personifies the situation and reaction of pro-slavery Unionists
after the war, and examines the lengths to which they went to maintain the status quo.
Kentucky Library Association

For Slavery and Union offers an engagingly written chronological narrative with a single person as its focus and a crystal-clear thesis that speaks to the meaning of the Civil War generally, not just in Kentucky, and as such should appeal to anyone with an interest in the era.
Ohio Valley History

Thoroughly researched, well-written book.

Anyone interested in Kentucky history will find Lewis’ For Slavery and Union an imaginative, delightful read they will not forget.
Bowling Green Daily News

Lewis presents a clear, engaging, and persuasive narrative about Buckner, divided Kentucky loyalties, and the results of Buckner’s choices to resist changes in race relations.
Civil War History

Patrick A. Lewis [presents a] very well-researched, well-written, and significant case study [ . . . .]
Register of the Kentucky Historical Society